"XXII [The Red Wheelbarrow]"
By William Carlos Williams

Transcription, editorial commentary, and markup by Students and Staff at the University of Virginia, Andrew Rivard Hill, Tonya Howe


Paris : Contact Publishing Company, 1923The poem entitled the "Red Wheelbarrow" appears on p. 74. Interestingly, it has no title. Instead, it is numbered XXII. Page images have been sourced from the first edition, housed in the Special Collections at The University of Virginia. The first edition was printed in a small run of 300 copies by Maurice Darantiere, a well-known modernist printer, at his press in Dijon.

Editorial Statements

Research informing these annotations draws on publicly-accessible resources, with links provided where possible. Annotations have also included common knowledge, defined as information that can be found in multiple reliable sources. If you notice an error in these annotations, please contact lic.open.anthology@gmail.com.

Original spelling and capitalization is retained, though the long s has been silently modernized and ligatured forms are not encoded.

Hyphenation has not been retained, except where necessary for the sense of the word.

Page breaks have been retained. Catchwords, signatures, and running headers have not.

Materials have been transcribed from and checked against first editions, where possible. See the Sources section for more information.


Williams, William Carlos. "XXII [The Red Wheelbarrow]". Spring and All, Contact Publishing Company, 1923 , p 74 . Literature in Context: An Open Anthology. http://anthology.lib.virginia.edu/work/Williams/williams_wheelbarrow. Accessed: 2024-04-18T01:05:31.218Z

Linked Data: Places related to this work.

[TP] Spring and All

74 XXII [The Red Wheelbarrow] 1so much depends 2upon 3a red wheel 4barrow 5glazed with rain 6water 7beside the white 8chickens